Nothing raises the hackles of homeopathic disbelievers more than the way in which the medicines are made. The process involves diluting the original substance from which the medicine is derived to such an extent that not even a single molecule of that substance remains in the homeopathic solution. (To learn more about the specifics of the dilution process, look at the following webpage: http://www.centerforhomeopathy.com/homeopathy.php?page=4) It is easy to understand why some people unfamiliar with the theory behind the dilution process or who have neither personally experienced nor witnessed the effect of a homeopathic remedy might be disinclined to believe that a medicine containing nothing but water (and perhaps a little alcohol or sugar) cannot imagine how it might have any curative action beyond a placebo effect. Nevertheless, lack of understanding or experience in regard to any particular phenomenon is not a refutation of it, just an indication of ignorance about it.
Unfortunately, some of the most strident voices denouncing homeopathy fall into this category. To put it another was, in the words of a physics Nobel Laureate named Brian Josephson, “many scientists today suffer from "pathological disbelief;" that is, they maintain an unscientific attitude that is embodied by the statement "even if it were true I wouldn’t believe it.”
This seems to be the reception that has greeted the publication of an interview with Dr. Luc Montagnier, a French virologist who along with two colleagues won a Noble Prize in 2008 for discovery HIV.
In December 2010 issue of Science Magazine, Montagnier announced that his research team “found that DNA produces structural changes in water, which persist at very high dilutions, and which lead to resonant electromagnetic signals that we can measure. Not all DNA produces signals that we can detect with our device. The high-intensity signals come from bacterial and viral DNA." The electromagnetic signals form a “ghost DNA” that is then replicated elsewhere.
Put another way, the signals imprint the DNA structure on other molecules, which is then projected from one cell to the next. Conjuring up Star Trekkian imagery, some have dubbed this phenomenon “teleportation”.
The experiment basically consisted of two test tubes, isolated in a chamber to insulate them from the natural electromagnetic field of the earth, and placed in a copper coil the emanates a small electromagnetic field. In one tube were fragments of DNA, in the other nothing but pure water. A few hours later, testing indicated that there were DNA fragments in both tubes.
This is exciting news for anyone seeking validation of homeopathy. As Montagnier himself puts it, “I can’t say that homeopathy is right in everything. What I can say now is that these high dilutions are right. High dilutions of something are not nothing. They are water structures which mimic the original molecules.”
Decades ago, the eminent French immunologist discovered that water retains an imprint or a ‘memory’ of things that had been highly diluted. He was roundly vilified for his claim, even though it was supported by a great deal of research. Montaigner now considers Benviniste to be a “modern Galileo” for having the courage to publish findings that go against orthodox thinking and then having to endure attacks on his integrity and credibility.
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology, considered the MIT of India, found similar results. They demonstrated through electron microscopy that ‘nanoparticles’ of the original substance remained when they test homeopathic dilutions of gold, copper, tin and zinc.
In the interview, Montagnier goes on to convey his concern that an unscientific attitude toward controversial topics like homeopathy is prevalent in the scientific community. “I am told, he says that some people have reproduced Benveniste's results, but they are afraid to publish it because of the intellectual terror from people who don’t understand it.”
For his part, Montagnier, at the age of 78, is seeking greener pastures in a more welcoming environment, China. An institute named after him has been created been created at a Shanghai university that is also commonly considered to be ‘China’s MIT’. He will continue his research on the electromagnetic waves produced in water by DNA, and will investigate the application of this phenomenon in medicine.
India and China. It certainly is not a coincidence that these two emerging superpowers are receptive to this research while the scientific community of the western dinosaurs proves inhospitable. Another sign of the times.
Enserink, “French Nobelist Escapes "Intellectual Terror" to Pursue Radical Ideas in China”, Science 24 December 2010: 1732.DOI:10.1126/science.330.6012.1732